Time and Tide Bell ~ #200Fish

A Continuing Arts Programme facing Lincolnshire's Coast

#200Fish is a community project to create works of art based on each of the species of fish found in the North Sea

To learn more and find out how to join the project click here.

Fish #15 Angel Shark Squatina squatina ~ Janis Bowley

Wool needlework 23 x 29 cm (with borders from fish finding sonar imaging)

Angel Shark

The Angel Shark family (Squatinidae) is the second most threatened group of sharks and rays in the world. Squatina squatina, the Angel Shark, was once widespread throughout the Atlantic, from Norway to Mauritania, and the Mediterranean to the Black Sea, however it has almost disappeared throughout its natural range, mainly due to overfishing. Today the Canary Islands are their last refuge, however not without threat. All Squatina species are protected within the Balearic Islands marine reserves. Northern ranging Angel Sharks are seasonally migratory and move back north during the summer.

A factor hampering effective conservation is a lack of scientific information about their ecology. However this is some of what we do know: Angel Sharks can grow to a length of 1.5 m (5 ft), they spend most of their time on the sea bottom buried and camouflaged in the mud or sand with just their eyes protruding. From this position they ambush prey with startling speed, nabbing flatfish, skate, and crustaceans or molluscs. Angel Sharks are a relatively small sized shark and are not a particularly dangerous, however if provoked, their strong jaws and sharp needle-like teeth can inflict a painful bite to a human. Female Angel Sharks develop their young within eggs inside their bodies until they hatch, giving birth to live pups (24 to 30 centimetres long). Gestation is eight to ten months and a litter varies from 7 to 25 pups. Conservation measures are urgently needed to assure the preservation of this unusual and distinctive shark. "Without sharks, marine eco-systems face an uncertain future. Our vision is a future where sharks, skates and rays thrive within a globally healthy marine ecosystem." Shark Trust

J Bowley is a professional visual artist, whose work focuses on ideas related to the earth sciences. Her work includes international solo and group projects, often in collaboration with other artists and non-artists.

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Lincolnshire Time and Tide Bell Community Interest Company is a not-for profit organisation, registered at Companies House. Company Number 10934941