Time and Tide Bell

A Continuing Arts Programme facing Lincolnshire's Coast


Warming Bells

At the North Sea Observatory, Chapel Point, Lincolnshire PE24 5XA

Open daily 10am to 5pm Wednesday 21st August to Sunday 1st September 2019

Admission Free

We are a group of artists and arts promoters who recognize the potential existential threat of global warming and are determined to use the arts to communicate our concerns to our audiences.

Our art exhibitions emerge from the conceptual basis of Marcus Vergette's Time and Tide Bells, stimulating conversations about human relationships with the sea, past, present and future, mindful of the global warming and the social stresses that climate change and sea level rise may bring.

The Lincolnshire Time and Tide Bell Community Interest Company is an arts organization dedicated to using the arts in environmental campaigning. During 2018 our major exhibitions have been 'Across the Seas' at the Sam Scorer Gallery, Lincoln, in May, dealing with human migrations in the past, the present and the future and '#200Fish' in August at the North Sea Observatory. This presented artworks based on the over 200 species of fish found in the North Sea, bringing to audiences attention the rich biodiversity of marine life. In November 2018 we presented 'By the Sea', an exhibition, again at the North Sea Observatory, that brought a contemporary view of Lincolnshire's natural coastal landscape, and dealt with issues such as sea level changes in the past and in the future and pollution of the marine environment.

Each of these exhibitions referenced global warming though the matter was not the central issue. In our new project, Warming Bell, we confront global warming directly. We are inviting artists to create works that address what we see as an existential crisis, a problem of our own making, which has within itself the possibility, at worst, of ending human life, at best making life a catastrophic disaster for some.

This exhibition connects bells with global warming, looking at the place of bells in our cultural landscape through history and their power to sound a warning of the damage we are doing to our environment.

Works are to be commissioned that might raise awareness and stimulate conversations about bells of all sorts and all purposes, and also about global warming and climate change and the consequences for humanity and other life on Earth. We seek to link the two, using bells to warn us of our dangerous predicament. Artists are invited to produce writing that engages the audience with how their work relates to the themes of the exhibition. Their work, in image and word, will be published here on this website and in the forthcoming book, 'Warming Bells'.

So what do we want in an art exhibition about bells and global warming and that links the two? Well that's really up to you, the participating artists. We didn't say it was easy; not like providing a list of fish and saying go paint a fish. But we trust in the infinite creativity of artists to be able to find the language required, to help in whatever small way possible to alter humanity's trajectory. Then at least we may look our grandchildren in the eye and say that we tried to be part of the solution rather than part of the problem.

The practicalities. The Warming Bells exhibition takes place at the end of August 2019. First we must do the work and then set about gathering it together. The first thing to do is decide if you would like to be a part of this project and if so then send an email to get yourself on the list. Then start creating some art. Use whatever medium you like. This website can show all the work. Online, it can be a dynamic space, continuously subject to editing and change and indefinitely expandable. Feel free to share unfinished work if you wish. It can be altered and added to but may have value as work in progress.

And write about your subject. A thousand words are worth a picture and your writing can enhance the artwork's story. And tell us about yourself and your motivations. To publish your material in the book, visual and written, we need it before the end of May 2019.

Space is limited in the gallery at the North Sea Observatory so there will be a bit of first come first serve to get included in the exhibition. We don't judge the artistic merit of works; it's your responsibility to do your best, whether professional, amateur or student. If you wish to try to sell your work that's fine and we do not take any commission. Of course if you do not need the money we are happy to accept your work as a gift to help us with future projects.

If you would like join in send us an email.

Bells have a long-standing place in our culture.

Bells generally evoke positive emotions as they are associated with joyful events, Christmas, weddings etc but also have a darker side, occasionally rung muffled at funerals and often used as a warning in alarm bells and signals of emergency. The Lutine Bell was traditionally rung at Lloyds of London to announce safe arrival or loss of a ship. Bells on marine buoys warn of shoals and channel edges. Bells are used as announcers of time, clock chimes and alarms to wake the sleeping. At sea, the watches of the day are defined by the ship's bell. In factories bells announce shift changes and school lessons begin and end with bells.

Hand-bells were rung by town-criers to draw attention to their announcements. Telephone bells announce a call and some replicate a bell sound as their mobile phone ring-tone. Even a 'ring-tone' contains a 'ring'. The Facebook icon for 'notifications' is a bell.

Notwithstanding the negative associations that bells sometimes present, the overwhelming response to bells, particularly large bronze bells rung for communal purposes, is positive. Historically, the manufacture and installation of bells have been significant undertakings with effort and costs shared widely and willingly. The skill and craftmanship involved in their making and the durability of bells ensure appreciation of their value.

A large proportion of Britain's population live within earshot of church-bells. Bells have been the constant sonic background to our lives, chiming the hours and ringing the changes. Yet curiously, images of bells are all but absent from British art. In Russia, where bells are rung by pulling a rope attached to the clapper and are often visible from the ground, there are many paintings of bells, but the British tradition of 'full circle' ringing means bells are high up in the belfry, heard and not seen, out of sight but not out of mind.

This project, Warming Bells, seeks to appropriate the cultural inheritance of bells to promote discussion of global warming, creating an association between ideas about bells and environmental dangers.

Ghosts ~ Jackie Mills
Mixed media 17 x 27 cm £40

'Ghosts' represents the changes in phytoplankton, tiny microscopic plants, that is being caused by both pollution and warming of our oceans. There are over thirteen different varieties of phytoplankton drifting in our oceans. This vital ocean microalgae feeds a vast array of sea dwellers from whales to snails and even other plankton, known as zooplankton. Each phytoplankton eater provides a step in the food chain which supports the wide variety of living creatures that dwell within the largest areas on earth ... water! These tiny plants not only sustain and support ocean life, they live near the surface and cleanse more than 100 million tons of carbon dioxide daily from our atmosphere through photosynthesis. They help land livers breathe. How amazing that something so small can be so vital for living things on both land and water!

Ocean pollution causes an increase in nitrates and other nutrients that the phytoplankton need to survive. Basically, where the ocean is polluted the phytoplanktons gorge themselves, causing each type to mutate into toxic superblooms. These superblooms cause severe damage when eaten and are also very harmful to skin, fins, gills and all the external bits if encountered. Pollution causes the plants to change from lifegivers to deathbringers. Ocean warming causes the reverse. It prevents cooler, nutrient rich water from mixing with warmer streams near the surface and it causes a form of starvation in the plant, which affects it's reproduction. That reduces the number of phytoplanktons which causes starvation in plankton eaters and also drives the plankton towards the Poles where water is cooler. Plankton eaters will follow, severely disrupting the food chain. Another major effect is a reduction of the amount of daily carbon dioxide synthesized. This leads to more carbon dioxide in our atmosphere and contributes to the perpetuation of the vicious cycle of global warming.

We are in real danger of phytoplankton extinction through mutation and starvation which will leave only ghosts of plankton in our oceans. The demise of something so microscopic can create a mega catastrophe. Ring the bell while we still can.

Find out more

Beach Belles ~ Jenny Sanderson
Cotton appliqué and mixed media 62 x 84 cm

The Beach Belles are doing their regular beach clean.

Dance in the Face of Danger ~ Pete Swift
oil on canvas 37 x 95 cm

Whether it's rain, imminent or ongoing conflict, it's what humans do. Bells have played their part.

Nature; Does it ring a bell? ~ Eleni Christoforou
Acrylic paint and pen 30 x 25 cm £110

University of California at Santa Cruz was a marvellous campus with picturesque nature trails and thriving biodiversity. On one of my first walks around the campus I came across a tree; an extraordinary tree where one third was rich in green leaves, the centre was struggling to survive, and rest was covered in darkness and charcoal. It didn't take long to realize that it had been struck by a wild fire, one of the horrific effects of global warming. Continuing along the path, there was a bell, a proudly standing bell inscribed with: "1769 - 1906 EL CAMINO REAL". The history of the area states that, in 1769, the Franciscans founded the California Missions where each Mission was located in areas inhabited by Native Americans and were rich in fertile soil paving the way for new civilizations, between San Diego to Sonoma. In 1906 the first 85-pound bell (designed by Mrs. A.S.C. Forbes) rose followed by 449 in front of every Mission. These Missions, accentuated by the bells, were the beginning of new civilizations, boosting the creation of modern highways and encouraging industrialization. Two and a half centuries later, worldwide industrial economies contribute daily to the greenhouse effect resulting in the escalating impacts of global warming. These anthropogenic effects don't only influence trees, but they destroy habitats, vanish populations and obliterate our planet.

Warning Bells ~ Lynn Bates

For Whom the Bell Tolls - the Polar Bear ~ Carey Jones
Acrylic paint on salvaged wood 34 x 15 x 2cm

Marco the Polar Bear
White as snow
Sat down on the ice
Near the cold waters flow
"Lunch, we need lunch" he said
"My family need a meal"
He stuck in his paw
And came up with a...
or nothing...
Its up to us.

Polar bears have been on this earth for 125,000 years (ish) and live within the Arctic Circle. They are the largest land carnivore, mainly eating seals and hunting from platforms of floating ice - but - human caused global warming is melting these and, simply put - no ice means no seals and no seals means no Polar Bears. The ice platforms are being lost at a rate of 13% per decade - they will all be gone by mid century - within our children's lifetime.

For Whom the Bell Tolls - King Penguin ~ Carey Jones
Acrylic paint on salvaged wood 30 x 15 x 2cm)

The penguin is a funny bird
Whose suit is black and white
He lives where days are very cold
And the days are seldom bright
He eats fish and likes to swim
So we must do something NOW
To keep his share of the world safe for him!

King Penguins live in Antarctica. They run rather than hop and can dive up to 300 metres to catch fish. They don't build nests but shelter their single egg under their bellies, resting it on their feet to keep it warm. Mum and Dad take turns in looking after their chick in the same way. As a result of climate change 70% of King Penguins will be gone inside of 80 years.

Unfinished work in preparation - Valery Esaulenko

What I'm trying to portray is not at all fantasy and not uncommon in our world, but a terrifying reality. Even if it happens outside our field of vision, it concerns all of us. Our planet like a small ball. Children are carelessly playing with dolls, toy cars and bells and do not suspect the Big Mental Bell is ringing and buzzing invisibly over their heads.

The Bells no longer Ring - Anastasia Lewis
42 x 61 cm (framed) watercolour on original digital print
Original painting £400. Signed prints size A4 £25

"Full fathom five thy cities lie"

Full fathom five our cities lie;
Of its phones are coral made;
Those towers that were its highs,
Nothing of them that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea-change
Into something lost and strange.
Sea-nymphs hourly ring our knell:
Hark know I hear them, -ding-dong, bell.

(with heartfelt apologies to one W. Shakespeare)

Brides of Enderby - Harriott Brand
Mixed media

The tidal surges and associated drownings have been well recorded over the last 800 years but we had been unable to interpret these events until people looked at the graveyards and dates and descriptions of events in history for which the people had no name and no scientific understanding other than the wrath of God. This work references the poem, 'The High Tide on the Coast of Lincolnshire 1571' by Jean Ingelow (1820 - 97).

'The Brides of Enderby' is the name given to the special peal of bells, rung from Boston Stump, to warn the townsfolk and those in the surrounding countryside of approaching danger, whether of pirates, river flood or high tides breaching the dykes. Supposedly, the name commemorates the womenfolk of Mavis Enderby.

The village of Mavis Enderby itself lies within the Lincolnshire Wolds, on higher ground out of danger of flood and just who the brides were and what their connection to a warning peal might have been is uncertain.

The old mayor climb'd the belfry tower,
The ringers ran by two, by three;
"Pull, if ye never pull'd before;
Good ringers, pull your best," quoth he.
"Play uppe, play uppe, O Boston bells!
Ply all your changes, all your swells,
Play uppe, 'The Brides of Enderby.'"

See the rest of the poem.

Farewell to the bells in Gródek, 1943 - Barbara Eger
Oil on board 40 x 60 cm

During world wars I and II it was common to remove the bells from church spires, in order to melt them down for the purpose of manufacture of weaponry and/or munitions. This practice was applied to both territories occupied by German forces as well as Germany itself. In an era where people tended to stay in one place from birth to death and where church bells were an essential part of the daily rhythm of life, people unsurprisingly had formed strong attachments to their local bells. The religious importance of the bells, having called generations of the faithful to church service, increased their significance to residents of towns, cities and villages alike. The bond between people and their bells was so strong, that some communities in occupied territories took it upon themselves to remove and hide the bells (eg by burying them); at great risk of reprisals by the German authorities.

This picture, Farewell to the Bells, is based on a photograph believed to have been taken in 1943 in a place called Groedeck. As there were a number of locations of that name in Eastern Europe, it has not been possible to determine, where the image of the distressed woman saying farewell to the bells was captured.

The bells are likely to have been transported to a central collection point in the port city of Hamburg, where a large number of bells were found at the end of the war. Whilst it is established that some churches had their bells returned to them after the war, it is not known how many that applied to. It would appear safe to assume, that most of the bells have been melted down during the war or simply proved impossible to repatriate after the cessation of hostilities in Europe. So we do not know whether the bells in this picture ever rang again, anywhere.

Further reading: The Church Bells of Eastern Europe

Disappearing Seashore 1 - Jeanette Kilner

Book: 'Hamlyn Guide to the Seashore and Shallow Seas', re-purposed storage box h. 9.5" x w. 13.5" x d. 7"

I wanted to make something to highlight rising sea levels caused by climate change, and the threat to low-lying coastal areas. My idea involved finding an appropriate book to use, and by pure serendipity I found it in only the third charity shop I looked in:

The Hamlyn Guide to the Seashore and Shallow Seas of Britain and Europe
Written by Andrew C Campbell
Illustrated by James Nicholls
Edition published 2004

The only problem was that it was in perfect condition, probably never used, and I didn't want to 'destroy' a book that wasn't already in a poor condition. However, it isn't rare; there are plenty available on 'Amazon', so it could easily be replaced, unlike all the flora and fauna it so beautifully illustrates. In fact, I have not actually destroyed the book. The pages can all be carefully unfolded restoring it to a useable, if not pristine, condition. If only it was as easy to carefully reverse the causes and effects of global warning, and remove the threat to our coastline.

Disappearing Seashore 2 - Jeanette Kilner

Book: 'Collins gem Seashore - Quick Guide to Plants and Animals', re-purposed cheese dish h. 6.5" x d. diam. 8.75"

While working on 'Disappearing Seashore 1' I came across this book in the Oxfam bookshop - another example of serendipity.

'Collins gem Seashore - Quick Guide to Plants and Animals'
Rod and Ken Preston-Mafham,
Edition published 2004.

It is a brilliant, small reference book, widely available from bookshops and online sources, and illustrates all of the species that could be under threat if sea levels rise significantly as a result of climate change. I have not completely destroyed the book. The cut-out pages are held in place by small pieces of masking tape, which can be carefully removed, and the unused section of the book has been carefully kept completely intact. Therefore all the pages could be taped back together. This would not be an elegant solution, but would mean that the information could still be used. Hopefully, a much better solution to conserve the actual species in the book can be found.

Warming Stripes, after Ed Hawkins
Machine knitted acrylic yarn 17 x 180 cm

The Warming Stripes appear in many forms, here as a knitted scarf, donated by Megan Rowley, a Reuters correspondant who has reported from many of the the biggest climate conferences. The pattern is created by assigning a colour to the average temperature each year over the last 160 years, coolest being the blues and warmest the reds. The idea is the creation of Ed Hawkins. He is a climate scientist in the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) at the University of Reading and is an IPCC AR5 Contributing Author. He has created such images for global temperatures and regional temperatures at various locations and others have taken up and expanded upon his ideas. The oil painting at the top of this page, by Biff Vernon, is one of many such re-creations. There is much more information about the Warming Stripes on Ed Hawkins' webpage Climate Lab Book.

Marcelle Seabourne

These prints are part of a series I'm working on based on ideas of how sound swirls and resonates in the air. They refer directly to the New Year section of Tennyson's poem 'In Memoriam'. The triptych, mounted together (44cm x 23cm framed), called 'Ring out wild bells' has verses from the poem framing each individual print.

This monotype print also takes the Tennyson poem 'in Memoriam' as a starting point, with the title 'Ring in the New'. The intention is to give the effect of a whole peal of bells echoing up into the sky. The way Tennyson's poem is seeking to make a break with the unhappy past and looking to a positive future has parallels with the aims of the exhibition, especially as this section of the poem is inspired by hearing church bells ringing in a new year.

This image (45cm x 56cm framed), called 'Wild Sky' also aims to bring to mind fragments of sound from a peal of bells reverberating in a stormy sky.

Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light:
The year is dying in the night;
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.

Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow:
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.

Ring out the grief that saps the mind,
For those that here we see no more;
Ring out the feud of rich and poor,
Ring in redress to all mankind.

Ring out a slowly dying cause,
And ancient forms of party strife;
Ring in the nobler modes of life,
With sweeter manners, purer laws.

Ring out the want, the care, the sin,
The faithless coldness of the times;
Ring out, ring out my mournful rhymes,
But ring the fuller minstrel in.

Ring out false pride in place and blood,
The civic slander and the spite;
Ring in the love of truth and right,
Ring in the common love of good.

Ring out old shapes of foul disease;
Ring out the narrowing lust of gold;
Ring out the thousand wars of old,
Ring in the thousand years of peace.

Ring in the valiant man and free,
The larger heart, the kindlier hand;
Ring out the darkness of the land,
Ring in the Christ that is to be.

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, from In Memorium A.A.H. 1849

Time and Tide Bell after Dulac - Biff Vernon
Oil on wood panel 60 x 40 cm

The Bells - Edmund Dulac.
Ink and watercolour drawing 374 by 270mm.

The third, of three, colour plates to illustrate Edgar Allan Poe's poem, 'The Bells' and reproduced within 'The Bells and Other Poems' (Hodder and Stoughton, 1912). The illustration, which is dated 1912, accompanies this text:
They are neither man nor woman -
They are neither brute not human -
They are Ghouls:
And their king it is who tolls.

The full text of Edgar Allan Poe's poem is available here

The poem starts merrily enough, "Hear the sledges with the bells - Silver bells! - What a world of merriment their melody foretells! ... How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle, - In the icy air of night!"
And in the second verse: "Hear the mellow wedding bells, - Golden bells! - What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! - Through the balmy air of night - How they ring out their delight!"
But in verse III we have: "Hear the loud alarum bells - Brazen bells! - What tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells! - In the startled ear of night"
And by the fourth verse the story turns seriously grim.
Now, about 170 years after it was written, we can reinterpret Poe's poem in terms of our realisation of the impact of the planetary heating we are causing. But read it for yourself.

The Tennis Game - Biff Vernon 1978
Oil on wood panel 60 x 80 cm

Inspired by David Inshaw's Badminton Game, 'The Tennis Game' is evocative of the apparent stability of England, with its substantial country house and two girls playing an idle game in the garden, oblivious of the coming climate catastrophe. It was painted in 1978 long before global warming was much discussed outside some very limited academic circles. By then, however, the essentials of the science were established and understood by those willing to engage. Had society heeded and acted upon the warnings that were available 40 years ago, the present crisis might have been averted.

Reminiscing the Game - Biff Vernon 1978
Oil on wood panel 60 x 80 cm

'Reminiscing the Game' sees one of the players, older, racket by her side, looking back into her memories of that perceived stability now that the world has changed. The garden is consumed by desert following runaway global warming. William Holman Hunt's Scapegoat stands nearby, ready to absorb the sins of humanity in their neglect for the environment. Both painted in 1978, the pair of pictures foresee the coming climate catastrophe years before global warming became a universal concern.

Just what are the issues in the frame? Here are some climate science basics. First let's be clear about words. Global heating is just what is says: the heating of the planet that is now going on as a result of our emission of, mostly, carbon dioxide, along with methane and a few other things. Since the start of the industrial revolution we have sent about 1 degree Celsius of warming averaged across the globe, more near the poles, less equatorially. Global warming causes climate change. Climate change is just what it says, a change in the climate. Depending on where one is, it might get wetter or drier, hotter or colder, stormier or calmer. Humans tend to be creatures of habit; we get used to prevailing conditions and adapt accordingly. Change tends to be disruptive. For some, for a while, climate change might bring more days of nice weather but mostly the changes are on the bad side with more extreme weather, be it floods or droughts, storms or heat waves. During the foreseeable future, the lifetimes of today's young children, deserts will expand and some places will experience that combination of heat and humidity that makes life without air conditioning physically impossible. Sea level will rise, forcing millions to migrate, abandoning some of the world's richest agricultural land.

For future generations life becomes ever more precarious. The current trajectory we are on, increasing the atmosphere's CO2 content by over 2ppm each year, leads us to global warming of 4 or 5 degrees. We have very little idea about how much of the planet will then become uninhabitable or how quickly the melting of the great ice sheets will flood all low-lying lands. It is here that science becomes dominated by uncertainty, though we can be sure that the range of probability is skewed to the bad side. And it is here that the artist has to take over, augmenting the scientists' work with interpretation accessible to their wider audiences.

Extinction Symbol for the Extinction Rebellion - Biff Vernon 2017
Oil on wood board 30 x 25 cm

The symbol above represents extinction. The circle signifies the planet, while the hourglass inside serves as a warning that time is rapidly running out for many species. The world is currently undergoing a mass extinction event, and this symbol is intended to help raise awareness of the urgent need for change in order to address this crisis. Estimates are that somewhere between 30,000 and 140,000 species are becoming extinct every year in what scientists have named the Anthropocene, or Sixth Mass Extinction. This ongoing process of destruction is being caused by the impact of human activity. Within the next few decades approximately 50% of all species that now exist will have become extinct. Such a catastrophic loss of biodiversity is highly likely to cause widespread ecosystem collapse and consequently render the planet uninhabitable for humans.

Extinction Symbols - Biff Vernon

Oil on canvas 65 x 40 cm

The Extinction Symbol has been adopted by Extinction Rebellion

"In order to spread the message as widely as possible, please create this symbol in any location you feel able to. Thank you." The Extinction Symbol

Message posted on bell-shaped card on gates of an oil exploration drilling site near Biscathorpe in the Lincolnshire Wolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.


Sequestered Carbon ~ Biff Vernon

Coal, stained glass and lead 16 x 16 x 8 cm.

If human civilisation is to survive, most fossil carbon must be left in the ground. Four pieces of coal are safely encased in cubes of hand-made, mouth-blown stained-glass from Poland. By keeping the carbon in the ground we can mitigate climate change, slowing down the rate of warming and the rate of sea level rise, giving more time for adaptation and lessening the impact of forced migration. The Hawkmoth Effect ensures uncertainty about the rates of change but we are sure of the direction of travel.

Carbon Capture and Storage Plant - Biff Vernon
Oil on wood panel 44 x 56 cm

The arts have developed over the past several thousand years of the Holocene, an epoch of climate stability. Now, as a result of man's pollution of the atmosphere, that stability is upset; the climate regime in which the arts have flourished is broken.

The Ringers of Launcells Tower - Frederick Smallfield (1829 - 1915)
Oil on canvas 91 x 71 cm 1887 Royal Cornwall Museum

First step to get involved: send us an email.

And now take a little time out to enjoy John Betjemin's Summoned by Bells


We are a Community Arts Group bringing Marcus Vergette's sculpture to the Lincolnshire Coast, one part of a permanent installation of Time and Tide Bells around Britain's coast, rung by the sea at high tide.
We aim to spark conversations about the coastline's past, present and future with a programme of art exhibitions and events

Lincolnshire Time and Tide Bell Community Interest Company is a not-for profit organisation, registered at Companies House. Company Number 10934941