Time and Tide Bell

A Continuing Arts Programme facing Lincolnshire's Coast

Portrait of Joseph Fourier - Louis-Léopold Boilly, early 19th century, source, and cartoon showing Greta Thunberg, circulating on social media in 2019.

Faces of Climate

A project to create portraits of the key players in understanding global warming

We are a group of artists and arts promoters who recognize the potential existential threat of global warming and are determined to use the arts to communicate our concerns to our audiences.

Our art exhibitions emerge from the conceptual basis of Marcus Vergette's Time and Tide Bells, stimulating conversations about human relationships with the sea, past, present and future, mindful of the global warming and the social stresses that climate change and sea level rise may bring.

This project attempts to record through portraiture the key players in our understanding of global warming, the scientists, campaigners and politicians who should be honoured as heroes of our time.

The Faces of Climate will be exhibited at the North Sea Observatory from Wednesday the 8th to Sunday the 19th of April 2020.

George Perkins Marsh

John Tyndall

If you would like to be involved in this project send us an email. Pick somebody you regard as a significant figure in the field and paint (carve, sculpt or whaterver) a portrait. Take a photograph of your artwork and write a brief biography and we'll post it on this website. In due course we will gather everybody's works together and hold an exhibition and publish a book. There's no date fixed, no deadline set, this will happen in its own time, probably early 2020, but do get started.

Svante Arrhenius

Here is a list of subjects that artists have picked (there's no harm in having more than one portrait of the same person).

  • XR protesters

  • On the Shoulders Of Giants - Steve Cook
    50 x 30 cm

    Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626) was an English philosopher and statesman who served as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. His works are credited with developing the scientific method and remained influential through the scientific revolution. Bacon has been called the father of empiricism. His works argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature. Most importantly, he argued science could be achieved by use of a sceptical and methodical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves. The general idea of the importance and possibility of a sceptical methodology makes Bacon the father of the scientific method. This method was a new rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, the practical details of which are still central in debates about science and methodology. (From Bacon's entry in Wikipedia.)

    Francis Bacon published his main work under the title; Franciscus de Verulamii Summi Angliae Canellasis Instauratio Magna , during the early 1600’s. His thinking underpinned the growth of ‘natural philosophy’ ( to be replaced by the term ‘science’ in the 18th century). Ideas became more accessible to the reading public due to the rapid expansion of print technology around 1700. In the book he sets out the state of current ideas of the time. These are followed by outlining the need for new structures for scientific investigations. He was calling for a "great fresh start" based on the logic of research or the recording of natural events and not relying on known facts or intellectual winning the argument. Today we are faced with the destruction of entire eco-systems. The present political movers and shakers could do worse than follow his thinking today.

    Alexander von Humboldt - Jo Mortimer

    Eunice Foote ~ Andrea D'Aquino

    Eunice Newton Foote (July 17, 1819 - September 30, 1888) was an American scientist, inventor, and women's rights campaigner from Seneca Falls, New York. She was the first to suggest that changing the proportion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would change its temperature, in her paper 'Circumstances affecting the heat of the sun's rays' at the American Association for the Advancement of Science conference in 1856. Wikipedia

    "An atmosphere of that gas [CO2] would give to our earth a high temperature and if as some suppose, at one period of its history the air had mixed with it a larger proportion than at present, an increased temperature from its own action as well as from increased weight must have necessarily resulted."

    She suggested that changing the proportion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would change its temperature, having conducted experimental measurements of temperature of containers filled with various gasses and left in the sunshine to warm up. Eunice Foote had the misfortune to be an amateur scientist, an American and a woman, all of which seem to have contributed to her small place in history, while John Tyndall, professional, male and British took the credit in the history of climate science, though his discovery of the role of CO2 came three years later.

    A good account of her work and the context in which it was done is found in Roland Jackson's paper, Eunice Foote, John Tyndall and a question of priority, Published:13 February 2019 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2018.0066

    Another account, by Amara Huddleston, celebrated her 200th anniversay in NOAA's Climate Watch Magazine.

    It includes this drawing by Carlyn Iverson

    Tara Santora wrote an article in Audubon Magazine, The Female Scientist Who Discovered the Basics of Climate Science - and Was Forgotten By History, published on July 17, 2019 to celebrate Eunice Foote's 200th birthday, describing how she predicted the effect of greenhouse gases. It was for this article in Audubon Magazine that Andrea D'Aquino created her artistic representation of Eunice Foote, no known photographs of Foote existing

    Svante Arrhenius - Glyn Goodwin

    Climate Saints Tryptich ~ Lynn Bates

    Rachel Carsom - Chris Hurford
    Ink drawing printed on cotton.

    Rachel Carson 1907 - 1964 was an American marine biologist, whose book Silent Spring triggered a global environmental movement. She worked for the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries before writing her best-selling sea trilogy, Under the Sea Wind, The Sea Around Us and The Edge of the Sea.

    In recent years, with an interest in insects and other small creatures, I read “Silent Spring” which made shock waves when published in 1962. She wrote on how unthinking we had been and about the environmental impact of chemicals put on the soil and what happens to the land and creatures by the indiscriminate use of pesticides and fertilisers. This was the early days of people waking up to what we are all doing to our world in so many different ways. She was one of many who could alert others and start the environmental movement today.

    Sir David Attenborough - Tony Baxter
    Acrylic on paper 32 x 26cm

    The Revenge of Boaty - Tony Baxter
    Mixed media on canvas 40 x 30cm

    I imagined that Boaty McBoatface was rather disgruntled after only getting a submarine named after him rather than the polar exploration ship, so wanted some retribution.

    Winona LaDuke - Jane Heighton
    Clay sculture

    I've chosen Winona LaDuke as a subject to sculpt in clay because I'm drawn to the strength and resilience I can see in her face. For me Winona's strong features tell her story.

    Winona LaDuke is an internationally renowned activist working on issues of sustainable development, renewable energy and food systems. She lives and works on the White Earth reservation in northern Minnesota, and is a two-time vice presidential candidate with Ralph Nader for the American Green Party.
    As Program Director of the Honor the Earth, she works nationally and internationally on the issues of climate change, renewable energy, and environmental justice with Indigenous communities. In her own community, she is the founder of the White Earth Land Recovery Project, one of the largest reservation based non-profit organizations in the country and a leader in the issues of culturally based sustainable development strategies, renewable energy, and food systems. In this work, she also continues national and international work to protect Indigenous plants and heritage foods from patenting and genetic engineering.
    In 2007 LaDuke was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame, recognizing her leadership and community commitment. In 1994 she was nominated by Time magazine as one of America’s fifty most promising leaders under forty years of age. She has been awarded the Thomas Merton Award in 1996, Ms. Woman of the Year (with the Indigo Girls in 1997), and the Reebok Human Rights Award. The White Earth Land Recovery Project has won many awards including the prestigious 2003 International Slow Food Award for Biodiversity, recognizing the organization’s work to protect wild rice from patenting and genetic engineering.
    A graduate of Harvard and Antioch Universities, she has written extensively on Native American and environmental issues. She is a former board member of Greenpeace USA and is presently an advisory board member for the Trust for Public Lands Native Lands Program as well as a board-member of the Christensen Fund. The author of five books, including Recovering the Sacred, All our Relations and a novel, Last Standing Woman, she is widely recognized for her work on environmental and human rights issues.

    Kevin Anderson - Stig au D'ump

    Leonardo DiCaprio - Mali Boyce

    Leonardo DiCaprio
    "As a kid, I was going to be a marine biologist or an actor. When I became successful as an actor, I said, 'Well, maybe I can lend a voice to this with an equal passion.' You realize how lucky we are and how destructive we've been and what little regard we have for the natural world Raising awareness on the most pressing environmental issues of our time is more important than ever."

    The Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation

    In 1998, Leonardo DiCaprio established his foundation with the mission of protecting the world's last wild places. LDF implements solutions that help restore balance to threatened ecosystems, ensuring the long-term health and well-being of all Earth's inhabitants. Since that time the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation (LDF) has worked on some of the most pressing environmental issues of our day.

    Leonardo's website and social media platforms are also dedicated to inspiring the public to take action on key environmental issues. Growing in reach from just 500,000 followers in 2007 to over 50 million today, Leonardo's fans have engaged on an array of issues protecting key species - sharks in California, tigers in Asia, elephants in Africa - and calling on world leaders to address the global climate crisis.

    In acknowledgement of LDF's impactful work over the last two decades, Leonardo was designated as the United Nations Messenger of Peace for Climate Change and received the 2014 Clinton Global Citizen Award. In addition to founding LDF, Leonardo also serves on the board of several environmental organizations, World Wildlife Fund, Natural Resources Defence Council, National Geographic's Pristine Seas, Oceans 5, and the International Fund for Animal Welfare.

    The diverse range of projects supported by LDF - from efforts to create and expand protected areas on land and in our oceans, to supporting grassroots and indigenous organizations working to secure important environmental protections and implement sustainable solutions at the local level - is a direct reflection of the array of efforts that are needed to turn the tide. LDF believes that it is possible create a world where both nature and humanity coexist in harmony. Not only does the Foundation believe this can be done, it knows it must be done in order to ensure the long-term survival of vital species and ecosystems.

    The Foundation has gradually built a significant grant making operation, awarding over $80 million in grants since 2010, funding 200+ high-impact projects in 50 countries across Asia, the Americas, Africa, the Arctic, Antarctica, and all five oceans. Through active collaboration with a broad network of environmental leaders and experts, effective organizations, and committed philanthropists, the foundation is able to find and support the best, results-driven projects in the world's most wild and threatened ecosystems. Our work is divided into six main program areas - Wildlands Conservation, Oceans Conservation, Climate Change, Indigenous Rights, Transforming California, and Innovative Solutions. Several successful fundraising events have enabled LDF to scale up our grant making strategy, driving support for vitally important projects around the globe.

    The young Chris Packham with his Owl - Barbara Eger
    Watercolour 50 x 65 cm

    Based on a well-known photograph of a younger Chris Packham, this picture seeks to portray the intimacy between the naturalist and his owl. It pays homage to a man who stands by his environmental convictions; not only by what he proclaims, but also by what he is having to endure in consequence.
    Packham not only advocates the protection of cute and cuddly animals, but also speaks up for crows and foxes; species likened to vermin by their detractors.
    This stance, and the fact that he has Asperger's syndrome, have made him a target of numerous hostile gestures. Yet Packham refuses to be cowed by attacks, personal and on his home, which have involved the depositing of dead wild animals at his door.
    Among the more high profile environmentalists, Chris Packham warrants a special place not only because of his vision, but also because of his determination not to give in to attacks and threats of violence.

    What's the Cost; Melting or Burning? Eleni Christoforou
    36.5 x 44 x 2.5cm

    Thousands of scientists are dedicating their lives in studying the impacts of Climate Change and there is a great knowledge on how it will affect individual organisms but, the big question still remains: How will the EARTH look like decades from now? We are already witnessing some of the effects of climate changes around the globe. Will these persist and aggravate?

    Janet Swift
    Peter Swift - oil on canvas

    The idea that we as individuals by our own action can halt or reverse the effects of global climate change following one hundred and fifty years of industrialisation is probably at best a fanciful notion.

    However in 2002 Sheffield University embarked on a research project which became a survey report known by the acronym B.U.G.S. ‘ Biodiversity in Urban Gardens.’ The survey mapped and calculated the total land area of urban gardens from a variety of dwelling types within the city of Sheffield. The survey revealed that gardens within the city, represented 33km2, 23%f the total urban area.

    Biodiversity studies were undertaken and the results formulated and extrapolated in an attempt to reach an understanding of the contribution that urban gardens might make to conservation and regeneration of the environment throughout England. Residential gardens represent 5% of the English land area i.e. 6,750 sq km. or twice the size of Cornwall.

    This painting of Janet, a passionate environmentalist and gardener, who kindly sat in her usual attire is an attempt to draw attention to both the project for further reading and to the valuable contribution that individuals and their gardens might make to our environment.

    Further reading. Biodiversity in Urban Gardens - University of Sheffield

    Local Heroes - Katharine York
    Painted ceramic tiles

    Local Heroes shows how Grimsby has grown from a fishing town into the UK's foremost hub for operations and maintenance of offshore wind. SInce 2008 when the earliest wind farms seen off Skegness became fully operational to farms of 2020 and beyond, so far from land that the maintenance teams live offshore for two weeks at a time and so large that it would take over 4 hours to sail from top to bottom.
    Kurt Christensen championed the entry of a new industry to the area and was instrumental in ensuring that companies chose Grimsby as a base. He was seen by many as the face of offshore wind in Grimsby in the early years.
    Lauren Little has taken on Kurt's mantle in her community engagement role for Orsted, a company that has made a rapid shift from black to green generation and is a significant employer and investor in offshore wind in the Humber, the UK and internationally.
    Courtney Doughty and Jayden Donnelly are the next generation of turbine technicians, in the early days of their apprenticeships.
    Melanie Onn was a vocal supporter of offshore wind during her time as MP for Great Grimsby, willing to challenge the owners and operators to ensure they give back to the community that hosts them.
    Rob Walsh, Chief Executive of North East Lincolnshire Council, was a key influencer behind establishing the offshore wind industry in the Grimsby area.
    Dennis Avery was a fisherman, representing Grimsby's roots and heritage.

    All of the above featured in the Tide of Change video produced by Orsted to share the tremendous story of the rise of offshore wind and the steady transformation of Grimsby.

    Compelled to Rebel - James Pocklington
    960mm x 420mm a triptych of digital prints

    The photo was taken at 11am on the 7th October 2019 shortly after Extinction Rebellion protesters from the East Midlands had blocked Horse Guards Road at the rear of Downing Street, London. The building in the background is the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
    The "Declaration of Rebellion" was read out loud by a thousand rebel voices on the 24th November 2018 at the gates of Buckingham Palace.
    No one can be sure what the future holds for movements like Extinction Rebellion but we can be sure that without concerted pressure to bring about rapid global decarbonisation the future for life on earth is bleak.

    Tell me how

    Don't tell me lies
    Don't tell me that there's something more important
    Don't tell me that it'll all be ok
    Don't tell me that it's not our problem
    Don't tell me that it's impossible
    Don't tell me that's the way things are.

    Tell me the truth
    Tell me you understand
    Tell me this is vital
    Tell me how change happens
    Tell me how you will act
    Tell me how things will be.
    Now show me.

    James Pocklington

    Ostrich, Where is Your Head? - Doreen Moore
    Acrylic on recycled canvass 57 x 57 cm

    'Plant a tree in '73' Do you remember that slogan? 'Plant some more in '74'
    Tickhill Brownie Pack did just that, planting trees around the village mill pond. They are still flourishing 47 years later. To finance the project they collected old newspapers selling them on to a local man who was just starting a paper recycling business.
    During this project, together with Tawny Owl and Brown Owl (me), they made up a list of things that could be easily recycled :- silver foil, stamps, glass bottles, egg boxes back to the shop, etc. etc.. This was well before the days of wheelie bins, car boot sales and charity shops. I took the list to the editor of the local magazine for them to publish but was rebuffed. "No one is interested in that sort of thing Doreen." was his response.
    The gentleman concerned is long since dead and did not live to see the result of all the lack of concern for the state of the earth, but those Brownies are now grown up and I hope that they take pride in the fact that they did something, however small, to show that they cared for their surroundings.
    This 'portrait' represents all the people who in the past have buried there heads in the sand and those who still, to this day, prefer at best to do nothing and at worst campaign against all the known scientific facts.
    Where is your head?

    Megan Rowling - Lola Rowling Spero (aged 10)

    Megan Rowling - Alfie Porter Rowling (aged 10)

    Alfie and Lola are cousins, both of whom are aware of the very real threat to our planet from climate change. Their work expresses a desire to recognize and acknowledge their mother’s and aunt’s dedicated role in this sphere as a journalist working for Thompson Reuters Foundation.

    Climate Scientist Polyptych
    Naomi Oreskes, Kevin Anderson, Gavin Schmidt, Corinne Le Quere, Erica Thompson, James Hansen, Michael E. Mann Alison Green, Gail Bradbrook Warren Washington Chris Packham Hans Schellenhuber Ndoni Mcunu Megan Rowling Stefan Rahmstorf Farhana Yamin Luisa Neubauer Johan Rockstrom Julia Steinberger
    Biff Vernon Oil on canvas each piece 23 x 23 cm

    Naomi Oreskes started her career as a mining geologist and then turned to the history and philosophy of science. Her research looked into the strength of the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the climate science community and led her to uncovering the extent that the fossil fuel industry has supported climate denialsm. Her book Merchants of Doubt, co-written with Erik Conway, produced a turning point in the way vested interests influence policy, from tobacco to the coal and oil industries.

    Kevin Anderson is Professor of Energy and Climate Change at the University of Manchester and at Uppsala University, Sweden. He has been Director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. He has consistently demonstrated that there is little chance of keeping warming below 2° and that the consequence is worse than appears to be recognised by governments. He calls for radical changes in policy and personal behaviour and refuses to fly himself and has been supportive of Greta Thunberg.

    Gavin Schmidt was born in Barnet, London, went to school Corsham in Wiltshire and then studied maths at Oxford and London. He applied his mathematics to climate modelling being amongst the first to develop global system models. He is now and Englishman in New York, having succeeded James Hansen as Director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) the USA’s leading climate science institute. He co-founded the climate science blog RealClimate and his work on the public communication of climate science has made him well known.

    Michael Mann is a climate scientist and geophysicist with degrees in maths, physics and geology. He is director of the Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University. His work on paleoclimate and reconstruction of the historic temperature record led to the ‘hockey stick graph’ that proved a valuable tool in communicating ideas of global warming. He is author of a prodigious number of scientific papers and a co-founder of the climate science blog RealClimate and an active communicator of the subject to a wide audience, attracting opprobrium from the worst of the climate denial forces.

    Corinne Le Quéré FRS CBE, is Professor of Climate Change Science at the University of East Anglia and former Director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. She conducts research on the interactions between climate change and the carbon cycle. She is Chair of France's High Council on climate and a member of the UK Committee on Climate Change. In 2016 she was listed among the 20 "women making waves in the climate change debate" on the Road to Paris by the International Council for Science.

    Erica Thompson, a climate modeller, is a Senior Policy Fellow at the Centre for the Analysis of Time Series at the London School of Economics and a Fellow of the London Mathematical Laboratory, where she leads the research programme on Inference from Models. She is interested in statistics, uncertainty, climate change, and the appropriate use of mathematical modelling to support real-world decisions, as well as all aspects of the transition to genuinely sustainable ways of living and working and is secretary of the One Planet Council. She is the originator of the Hawkmoth Effect, dark sibling to the Butterfly effect.

    Gail Bradbrooke is one of the co-founders of Extinction Rebellion. Her PhD is in molecular biology and she has devoted much of her life to social and environmental activism. She has said that climate change requires civil disobedience: “Given the scale of the ecological crisis we are facing … Only this kind of large-scale economic disruption can rapidly bring the government to the table to discuss our demands. We are prepared to risk it all for our futures.”

    Hans Joachim Schellnhüber is a German atmospheric physicist, climatologist and founding director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and former chair of the German Advisory Council on Global Change. In 1995 he proposed the 2 °C guardrail for global warming that eventually became a global target by governments worldwide. 25 years on, he is pessimistic, saying “We don’t want to see the truth. As Greta Thunberg would say, I would like people to panic and take action according to the state of emergency we are in.”

    Megan Rowling, English born but now based in Barcelona, is a journalist with Thomson Reuters Foundation, specialising in humanitarian and development issues, including climate change and disaster risk. She describes herself as a feminist who cares about climate change, aid, sustainable development and resilience. She initiated Reuters’ climate change coverage, growing it into an award-winning news service focused on the developing world. She attends the big climate conferences, distilling the interminable hours of statements and discussions into articles that feed the worlds news media.

    Luisa-Marie Neubauer is a German climate activist, one of the leaders of the School strike for climate movement in Germany. She has brought the climate emergency to the attention of public, through protests, discussion, speaches and writing. With Alexander Repenning she co-wrote a book, Vom Ende der Klimakrise: Eine Geschichte unserer Zukunft or From the end of the climate crisis: a story of our future. They pose the question of whether we can avoid the climate crisis or whether it will overwhelm us. Here is her TED Talk.

    Stefan Rahmstorf is a German oceanographer and climatologist. Since 2000, he has been a Professor of Physics of the Oceans at Potsdam University. His work focuses on the role of ocean currents in climate change. He was one of the lead authors of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. He is a leading communicator of climate science, a co-founder of RealClimate and KlimaLounge and frequently writes and broadcasts on climate science for a general audience. He wrote a 224-page children’s book ‘Wolken, Wind und Wetter’ on climate cience. Video: The Art and Science of Stefan Rahmstorf

    Julia Steinberger, Swiss-American economist, Professor at Leeds University, researches and teaches in the interdisciplinary areas of Ecological Economics and Industrial Ecology. Her research examines the connections between resource use (energy and materials, greenhouse gas emissions) and societal performance (economic activity and human wellbeing). She is interested in quantifying the linkages between resource use and socioeconomic parameters, and identifying alternative development pathways to guide the necessary transition to a low carbon society. Research focus on living well within planetary limits.

    Greta meets Jane
    Biff Vernon Oil on canvas 45 x 60 cm

    This was painted in January 2019 when Greata Thunberg and Jane Goodall met in Davos, Switzerland, for the World Economic Forum. Since then Greta's face has become one of the most reproduced images of that year.

    Doug Francis a Red Rebel

    Biff Vernon Oil on canvas 34 x 28 cm

    Jason Carlisle

    The project was about the people connected to two nature reserves. Farr Ings and Blacktoft Sands, are areas that are both dependant on sea levels and the stability of the environment. I created two portraits of wardens involved within these areas.

    First step to get involved: send us an email.

    We are a Community Arts Group bringing Marcus Vergette's sculpture to the Lincolnshire Coast, one part of a permanent installation of Time and Tide Bells around Britain's coast, rung by the sea at high tide.
    We aim to spark conversations about the coastline's past, present and future with a programme of art exhibitions and events

    Lincolnshire Time and Tide Bell Community Interest Company is a not-for profit organisation, registered at Companies House. Company Number 10934941